xt summer. It could be a change in alga

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SAN FRANCISCO Womens Myles Garrett Jersey , July 5 (Xinhua) -- Researchers who have spent four consecutive summer seasons in the Antarctic mapping the patterns in distribution and biomass of Antarctic krill have reported that the combined mass of these tiny aquatic organisms is more than that of the world's 7.5 billion human inhabitants.

Detailed in a study published in the journal Deep Sea Research, Kim Bernard, a biological oceanographer at Oregon State University (OSU) and a team of colleagues sought to identify the environmental conditions responsible for krill "hotspots" in the Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean.

Researchers have long known about this zooplankton species, but haven't been certain why particular regions or hotspots in the Southern Ocean are so productive. One such hotspot exists off Anvers Island, along the western Antarctic Peninsula, where high densities of Antarctic krill episodically concentrate near the shore close to a number of Adelie penguin breeding colonies.

It turns out that a perfect combination of tides and wind is responsible.

"This region off the western Antarctic Peninsula has been a known breeding area for Adelie penguins for thousands of years. We know it today as a krill hotspot and it probably has been for some time Womens Nick Chubb Jersey ," said Bernard, lead author on the study. "But despite their abundance, there is growing concern about krill not only because of climate change, but because they are now being harvested for human food, nutritional supplements and aquaculture feed. Yet historically we've known little about what makes this particular area so productive for krill. So we set out to learn more about it."

What they discovered is a near-perfect system in which krill aggregations situated over the Palm Deep Canyon, a region of nutrient-rich waters that produce a lot of food for the krill, are delivered close to shore by tidal currents and winds. When the winds are westerly and the tides are diurnal Womens Austin Corbett Jersey , namely one high tide and one low tide each day, the krill biomass close to shore is at its peak and krill aggregations are huge.

"We can predict exactly when humpback whales will be close to shore off Palmer Station just based on the tides. When there are diurnal tides, you'll see krill from the surface to the ocean floor -- they are everywhere. And when they are, the whales are there, too," Bernard said. "This concentration and transport toward shore are particularly important for the penguins that breed there. The farther they have to go to forage, the less their chicks have to eat and chick weight is a huge factor in their survival."

And when the tides shift to semi-diurnal Womens Denzel Ward Jersey , or two high and two low tides daily, currents move the krill away from shore and their predators follow. Likewise, a shift to southerly winds keeps the krill farther from shore and more spread out.

Antarctic krill can live five to seven years, and grow to a length of a little more than two inches, or more than 5 centimeters. They don't reach sexual maturity for two years, and when they reproduce, they must release their eggs in water roughly 1 Womens Baker Mayfield Jersey ,000 meters, or about 3,200 feet, deep. That's because they need a certain period of time to develop as they drift to the ocean floor, and another period of time to go through different life stages as they re-ascend to the surface.

Studies have shown that sea ice may be critical to their survival, but researchers are not exactly sure why, Bernard said. "We see very strong correlations between krill biomass and sea ice Shon Coleman Jersey ," she was quoted as saying in a news release from OSU on Wednesday.

"When the sea ice is low, the krill populations crash the next summer. It could be a change in algae or other food for them, or it could be that sea ice provides shelter from predators, or affects the currents in some way. We just don't yet know," she said.

JOHANNESBURG, Sept. 19 (Xinhua) -- The Johannesburg StockExchange's (JSE) bull run came to a halt on Tuesday after themainstream industrial index shed 0.08 percent to 83,771.3 points onprofit-taking.

The All Share Index was off 0.07 percent to 56 Carl Nassib Jersey ,011.16 points,while the top 40 index gained 0.03 percent to 49,751.7 points. Theresources index was 0.03 percent down and the gold index dropped0.32 percent, despite the fact that mining companies earn more inrand if the currency is weak.

The market seems to have been spooked by the tiff between KPMGand the South African Revenue Service (SARS) over the former'sinvestigation into a so-called rogue unit. SARS on Mondaythreatened to take KPMG to court for reputational damage.

The South African rand dropped to R13.33 against the U.S.dollar. The platinum price was at its lowest point in five weeks,at 948.79 dollars an ounce, while gold was well off its recent highof 1,308.11 dollars an ounce.

On the JSE Emmanuel Ogbah Jersey , Sibanye-Stillwater was off 6.22 percent to R16.43,Royal Bafokeng Platinum lost 3.16 percent to R30, and AngloAmerican Platinum dropped 0.35 percent to R231.82.

In industrials, Bidcorp was off 2.98 percent to R298.73, Telkomlost 1.68 percent to R59.15, and Barloworld dropped 1.96 percent toR121.84.

Impala Platinum gained 0.06 percent at R33.22. Enditem

TOKYO, Sept. 20 (Xinhua) -- A photo exhibition themed with people-to-people exchanges between China and Japan kicked off on Wednesday at the China Cultural Center in Tokyo.

The exhibition Corey Coleman Jersey , titled "The Civil Power," showed nearly 100 pictures featuring key historical moments on Sino-Japanese people-to-people exchanges and the friendship between the two peoples.

Guo Yan, minister at Chinese Embassy in Japan, said at the opening ceremony that people-to-people exchanges have always been a driving force for development of bilateral relations between China and Japan.

She called upon peoples of the two countries to have more active an. Jerseys Cheap Jerseys China Jerseys China Jerseys China Jerseys Free Shipping NHL Jerseys Wholesale NFL Jerseys Wholesale NBA Jerseys Wholesale Wholesale NBA Jerseys Wholesale Baseball Jerseys

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